Evaluation of the effectiveness of a nationwide precision medicine program for patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer in Germany: a historical cohort analysis


The national Network Genomic Medicine (nNGM) Lung Cancer provides comprehensive and high-quality multiplex molecular diagnostics and standardized personalized treatment recommendation for patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (aNSCLC) in Germany. The primary aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of the nNGM precision medicine program in terms of overall survival (OS) using real-world data (RWD).


A historical nationwide cohort analysis of patients with aNSCLC and initial diagnosis between 04/2019 and 06/2020 was conducted to compare treatment and OS of patients with and without nNGM-participation. Patients participating within the nNGM (nNGM group) were selected based on a prospective nNGM database. The electronic health records (EHR) of the prospective nNGM database were case-specifically linked to claims data (AOK, German health insurance). The control group was selected from claims data of patients receiving usual care without nNGM-participation (non-nNGM group). The minimum follow-up period was six months.


Overall, n = 509 patients in the nNGM group and n = 7213 patients in the non-nNGM group met the inclusion criteria. Patients participating in the nNGM had a significantly improved OS compared to the non-nNGM group (median OS: 10.5 months vs. 8.7 months, p = 0.008, HR = 0.84, 95% CI: 0.74–0.95). The 1-year survival rates were 46.8% (nNGM) and 41.3% (non-nNGM). The use of approved tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) in the first-line setting was significantly higher in the nNGM group than in the non-nNGM group (nNGM: 8.4% (43/509) vs. non-nNGM: 5.1% (366/7213), p = 0.001). Overall, patients receiving first-line TKI treatment had significantly higher 1-year OS rates than patients treated with PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors and/or chemotherapy (67.2% vs. 40.2%, p < 0.001).


This is the first study to demonstrate a significant survival benefit and higher utilization of targeted therapies for aNSCLC patients participating within nNGM. Our data indicate that precision medicine programs can enhance collaborative personalized lung cancer care and promote the implementation of treatment innovations and the latest scientific knowledge into clinical routine care.


The study was funded by the AOK Federal Association Germany.